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Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich
(1912-1986)

    Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich
  • 1912 Born in St.-Petersburg, April 1912 in the family of Vitalij Moiseevich Kantorovich and Paulina Saks.
  • 1926-1930 A student of Mathematical Department, Faculty of Physics and Math ematics, Leningrad State University.
  • 1929 The first research papers in mathematics.
  • 1930 Participation in the First All-Union Mathematical Congress (Kharkov) with two reports.
  • 1930-1932 A postgraduate student of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, Leningrad State University.
  • 1930-1948 An assistant, assistant professor since 1931, professor since 1932, head of department of the higher mathematics in the Highest Engineering Navy School.
  • 1931-1940, 1945-1949 A research associate, head of the mathematical depart ment of the Research Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of Leningrad State University since 1939.
  • 1932-1960 Associated professor, professor of Calculus, head of chair of Numerical mathematics, Leningrad State University.
  • 1933 Book: Variatsionnoe ischislenie (Calculus of variations), Leningrad, 204pp. (coaut. V. I. Krylov, V. I. Smirnov).
  • 1934 Awarded a professor degree.
  • 1935 Awarded a D. Sc. degree in physics and mathematics without defending thesis.
  • 1936 Book: Melody pnbhzhennogo resheniya uravnenij v chastiiykh proizvodnykh (Methods of-approximate solution of partial derivative equations), Leningrad, 528 pp. (coaut. V. I. Krylov; next editions of this book had another title, see below).
  • 1937-1938 Awarded the first prize in mathematics at the Leningrad competition of young research works (1937) and at the All-Union competition of young research works (1938) for the paper Functional analysis using the theory of semi-ordered spaces.
  • 1939 Book: Matemaiicheskie melody organizatsii i planirovaniya proizvodstva (Mathematical methods of production management and planning), Leningrad, 68 pp. (next edition — 1959, English translations: 1960, 1964, 1965, and this edi tion) .
  • 1939-1941 Editor-in-chief of Ifchenye zapiski LGU, Series of mathematics.
  • 1940 Book: Opredelennye integraly i ryady Fur'e (Definite integrals and Fourier series), Leningrad, 248 pp.
  • 1940-1941 Chairman of the mathematical section of Leningrad House of Scien tists.
  • 1941 Book: Priblizhennye melody vysshego analiza (Approximate methods of higher analysis), Leningrad, 618 pp. (coaut. V. I. Krylov; next editions — 1949, 1950, 1952, 1962; Hungarian translation — 1952; Rumanian translation — 1956; English translation — 1958; German translation — 1958).
  • 1946 Book: Teoriya veroyatnostej (Probability theory), Leningrad, 153 pp.
  • 1941-1948 In military service (Leningrad-Yaroslavl').
  • 1945-1960 Senior research associate, head of approximate computing depart ment in the Leningrad branch of the Mathematical Institute (named after V. A. Steklov) of the Academy of Science of the U.S.S.R. (LOMI AN SSSR).
  • 1949 Awarded Stalin prize for the papers in functional analysis published in 1947-48: On the general theory of approximate methods in analysis, Functional analysis and applied mathematics, On the Newton method for functional equations.
  • 1949 Book: Raschet ratsional'nogo raskroya promyshlennykh materialov (Calculation of rational stock cutting), Leningrad, 198 pp. (coaut. V. A. Zaigaller; next edition — 1971; Chinese translation — 1951; Rumanian translation — 1972).
  • 1950 Book: Funkcional'nyj analiz v noluuporyadochennykh proslranstvakh (Functional analysis in semi-ordered spaces), Leningrad, 548 pp. (coaut. B. Z. Vu likh, A. G. Pmsker, Chinese translation 1960, Shankhai).
  • 1958 Elected as a corresponding member of the Academy of Science of the U.S.S.R.
  • 1958-1960 Deputy head of the laboratory for applying statistical and mathemat ical methods in economics in Siberian branch of the Academy of Science of the U.S.S.R.
  • 1959 Book: Funktsional'nyj analiz v normirovannykh prostranstvakh (Functional analysis in norrned spaces), Moscow, 684 pp. (coaut. G. P. Akilov; next editions — 1977, 1984; English translation — 1964, 1980; German translation — 1964; Japan edition — 1967; Spain translation — 1980; French translation — 1981).
  • 1959 Book: Ekonomicheski] raschet nazlvchshego inspol'zovaniya reswsov (Eco nomical calculation of the best use of resources), Moscow, 344 pp. (second printing — 1960; Polish translation — 1961; French translation — 1963; English translation — 1965; Japan translation — 1965; Rumanian translation — 1966; Slovakian translation — 1969; Slovenian translation — 1985).
  • 1960 Awarded an honorary diploma of the Operations Research Society of America for the best work on the operations research published in the U.S.A. in the I960 (Translation of Mathematical methods of the industry organization and planning, 1939).
  • 1960-1970 Vice-director of the Mathematical Institute, Siberian Branch Academy of Science, Novosibirsk.
  • 1960-1970 Professor, head of Department of Numerical Mathematics of Novosi birsk State University.
  • 1964 Elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.
  • 1965 Awarded the Lenin Prize for the research in linear programming methods and economic models (with V. S. Nemchinov and V. V. Novozhilov).
  • 1966 Doctor Honoris Causa of Laws of the Glasgow University.
  • 1966 Doctor Honoris Causa of Science of Warsaw Higher School of Planning and Statistics.
  • 1966 Elected as Fellow of the International Econometric Society (U.S.A.).
  • 1966 Doctor Honoris Causa of Laws of Grenoble University.
  • 1967 Elected as a Honorary Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  • 1968 Doctor Honoris Causa of Science of Nice University.
  • 1969 Elected as a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston
  • 1969 Doctor Honoris Causa of Science of Helsinki University.
  • 1970 Doctor Honoris Causa of political economy of Munchen University.
  • 1971 Book: Optimal'nye resheniya v ekonomike (Optimal decisions in economics), Moscow, 231 pp. (coaut. A. B. Gorstko; Polish translation — 1976; Slovakian translation — 1977).
  • 1971-1976 Heads a Problem Laboratory of the Institute of National Economic Management of State Committee of Science and Technology of the U.S.S.R.
  • 1971-1986 A member of the State Committee of Science and Technology.
  • 1973 Fellow of the International Econometric Society, U.S.A.
  • 1974-1986 A vice-chairman of Science Council on price formation problems of State Price Committee of the U.S.S.R. Council of Ministers and Academy of Science.
  • 1975 Awarded a Nobel Memorial Prize in the economic sciences with Tjalling C. Koopmans for 'their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources'.
  • 1975 Doctor Honoris Causa of Laws of the Paris University-I (Sorbonne).
  • 1976 Elected as a Board member of the International Econometric Society.
  • 1976 Doctor Honoris Causa of Science of the Cambridge University.
  • 1976 Doctor Honoris Causa of Science of the Pennsylvania University.
  • 1976-1986 Heads a Department of modelling technology development of the In stitute of System Research, the State Committee of Science and Technology and the Academy of Sciences.
  • 1977 Foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of German Democratic Republic.
  • 1977 Corresponding member of the National Engineering Academy of Mexico.
  • 1978 Honorary Doctor of Science of the Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta.
  • 1980 Foreign member of the Yugoslavian Academy of Science and Arts, Zagreb.
  • 1981 Awarded a Bronze medal of the Prague Higher Economic School for services in the school development.
  • 1983 Participation in the International Symposium Science to the World dedicated to A. Nobel and G. Galilei.
  • 1984 Elected as an Honorary Member of the International Control Institute, Ire land.
  • 1984 Doctor Honoris Causa of Economic Sciences of the Martin-Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg.
  • 1986 Awarded the Great Silver medal of Operational Research Society (Birming ham) for 'the pioneering role in the linear programming development'.
  • 1986 Perished in Moscow at April 7.

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